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Gold Parlophone Label
(Update: 1st. December 2011)

label

Example:LP's List

TITLE PLEASE PLEASE ME
CATALOG NUMBER PCS 3042
RELEASE DATE 26th April.1963/First Press
TRACK LISTING SIDE 1 SIDE 2
I Saw Her Standing There (*) Love Me Do (sim.stereo)
Misery (*) P.S. I Love You
Anna (Go To Him)
Baby It's You
Chains Do You Want To Know A Secret (*)
Boys A Taste Of Honey
Ask Me Why
There's A Place (*)
Please Please Me Twist And Shout
FRONT BACK SIDE 1 SIDE 2 DISK
sleeve sleeve label label label
INNER SLEEVE FRONT COVER CLOSE UP BACK COVER CLOSE UP
sleeve cover-up cover-up cover-up Wrap-around cover.
Catalog No. "PCS 3042" was printed on upper right corner of the back cover.
The word "stereo" is large type. "Photo: Angus McBean" credit was  printed at the extreme right corner.
BACK COVER CLOSE UP LABEL CLOSE UP
cover-up label The statement "RECORDING FIRST PUBLISHED 1963" was not yet added. "33 1/3" was still remained.
Sleeves for Parlophone did two London’s of printing house: Ernest J. Day & Co Ltd. and Garrod & Lofthouse Ltd. The first and second issue of "Please Please Me" has a sleeve made by Ernest J. Day & Co Ltd only.
LABEL CLOSE UP
label In the center of the LP have letters embossed (M, Z and T).
The letters are tax code.
label label label
"The Parlohone Co Ltd. (small letter)" was printed at the perimeter. SIDE 1 SIDE 2
Matrix No. is
Side-1: YEX 94-1
Side-2: YEX 95-1
LABEL CLOSE UP
SIDE 1 SIDE 2 Black & Gold label, with “Dick James Muds Co.uncorrect publishing credit for “I Saw Her Standing There”, “Misery”, “Do You Want To Know A Secret” & “There’s A Place”.
label label
OTHER ITEM
-
LABEL Gold Parlophone Type-1
MIX STEREO (except as noted)
MATRIX No. SIDE 1 YEX 94-1
SIDE 2 YEX 95-1
VINYL COLOR BLACK
RECORD COMPANY'S NAME The Parlophone Co. Ltd. (small letter)
CENTRAL REMARK
"SOLD IN U.K..."
-
RECORDING PUBLISHED CREDIT -
COVER FORM Single type. Wrap-around cover
PRINTER CREDIT Printed and Made by Ernest J. Day & Co. Ltd. London
COVER DESIGN/ PHOTO/ NOTES Photo: Angus McBean / Notes: Tony Barrow
INNER SLEEVE Polythene-lined "Use Emitex" die-cut type.
PRODUCER George Martin
COMMENTS
Black Parlophone label with gold ink and "LONG PLAYING" curved across the top.
At the center of the label, the word "STEREO" on gold ribbon was printed.
The word "stereo", on upper right of the front cover, is large.
There is the words in the box --"IMPORTANT This record is intended for use only on special stereophonic reproducers. ..."-- on upper right of the back cover.
On 8th March, when George Martin typed up the running order sheet for "PLEASE PLEASE ME", he mistakenly credited 4 songs(*) as being published by the Dick James Mus Co."
This is the list that went to the printers, from which the first incorrect batch of labels was made, for both the mono and stereo pressings.
The Second pressing, the publishing credit had changed to "Northern Songs".

It is not known as it has been much made copies of the first stereo press, but all copies have only two variants of codes of a stamp: 1G/1R or 1R/1G. Therefore the total of copies of the first stereo press could not be more than 600.
Sleeves for Parlophone did two London’s of printing house: Ernest J. Day & Co Ltd. and Garrod & Lofthouse Ltd. The first issue of "Please Please Me" has a sleeve made by Ernest J. Day & Co Ltd only.

This stereo versions of "Love Me Do" have been created from the mono versions, because original master tapes are lost.
The cover photo was taken at EMI's former headquarters at Manchester Sq. by Angus McBean on 5th March 1963.











Catalog Number...Back to the LP List

EMI started to release LPs in 1952 and the first LP in the PMC series was PMC 1001, probably released in 1955. LPs were released in both 10 inch and 12 inch format until 1960, but after that all LPs were in the 12 inch format.
In 1960 Parlophone also started to release stereo LPs. They were released in a separate record number series, the PCS 3000 series. The first release in this series was PCS 3001.
The mono and stereo releases were issued in separate catalog number series until early 1966. In 1966, the catalog number series was restarted at 7001 with mono and stereo releases now having the same catalog numbers. Only the catalog number prefixes - still PMC for mono and PCS for stereo - were different, to denote the format.

It took about six years before stereo LPs became more common than mono LPs. Before 1966, the stereo LPs were less common than the mono versions and after 1966 mono was more rare than stereo.
Parlophone ceased to release mono LPs in late 1969.

Before the spring of 1963, the stereo label had the same basic black/gold design as the mono label, although with a stereo banner printed below the Parlophone logo.

Mono Label Stereo Label
label label

Prefix of Catalog Number

Gold Parlophone label
Mono Stereo Comments
label label The mono LPs were numbered with "PMC" prefix on center-right of the label, in the same way, the stereo LPs were numbered with "PCS" prefix.
And the stereo LPs, the word "STEREO" on gold banner was printed below the Parlophone logo.

From 1963 - today, regular Beatles' Parlophone and Apple LPs are issued with catalog numbers--"PMC-XXXX" or "PCS-XXXX", where XXXX is a 4-digit number, excepted the "Let It Be Box Type" was numbered "PXS 1".

The first export LPs are reproduced of three American LPs. They are "Something New (CPCS 101)", "The Beatles' Second Album (CPCS 103)" and "Beatles VI (CPCS 104)". All of these are available only in stereo.
This whole series of albums had fully-laminated front covers with fold over flaps onto the back, as most of the standard-issue 60's LP covers were made.

Prefix Label Kind
PMC Parlophone, Apple Mono
PCS Parlophone, Apple Stereo
PXS Apple Stereo (Let It Be: Box Type)
CPCS
P-CPCS
Parlophone, Apple Stereo: for export Edition
P-PCS
(PPCS)
Parlophone, Odeon Stereo: for export Edition
PCSP Parlophone, Apple Compilation Album
PCTC Parlophone Magical Mystery Tour
PHO Parlophone Picture Record









Mixing: Mono and Stereo...Back to the LP List

Nine original Beatles' LPs were issued on the Parlophone label between 1963 and 1967 which were issued in both mono and stereo.
Four original Beatles' LPs were issued on the Apple label. Since in early 1969, new LPs began being pressed only in stereo, only the first two Beatles' LPs on Apple ("The Beatles" and "Yellow Submarine") were issued in both mono and stereo, even though "Yellow Submarine" itself was not mixed separately for mono as "The Beatles" and the previous LPs were; the mono "Yellow Submarine", unfortunately, was simply a combining of the two stereo channels.

Original Parlophone Label
RELEASE DATE TITLE MONO STEREO
March 1963 Please Please Me Yes Yes
November 1963 With the Beatles Yes Yes
August 1964 A Hard Day's Night Yes Yes
December 1964 Beatles For Sale Yes Yes
August 1965 Help! Yes Yes
December 1965 Rubber Soul Yes Yes
August 1966 Revolver Yes Yes
December 1966 A Collection of Beatles Oldies Yes Yes
June 1967 Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band Yes Yes
Original Apple Label
RELEASE DATE TITLE MONO STEREO
November 1968 The Beatles Yes Yes
January 1969 Yellow Submarine (Yes) Yes
September 1969 Abbey Road No Yes
May 1970 Let It Be No Yes



Label Variation...Back to the LP List

Record company's Name Publishing date of the recording Central Remark
"Sold in U.K...."
Music Publisher's Name
The Parlophone Co. Ltd. No Credit No "Dick James Mus.Co."
"Northern Songs Ltd."

Perimeter print: Record Company's Name

The outer rim statement on the label, which always said "The Parlophone Co. Ltd. (small letter)"
On 1st July 1965, EMI underwent a merger and each individual ceased to be a L.T.D. company and became a subsudialy of "The Gramophone Co. Ltd." which was owned by EMI. This merger meant yet another label change occurred and previous "Parlophone Co. Ltd." rims where replaced with the new "Gramophone" rims.
label

Publishing date of the recording

Black/gold Parlophone label
March 1963-April 1963
cf. Black/yellow Parlophone label
Summer 1963-Early 1965?
cf. Black/yellow Parlophone label
Early 1965?- Late 1969 and 1981
label label label
The statement "RECORDING FIRST PUBLISHED 1963" was not yet added. The statement "RECORDING FIRST PUBLISHED 196X" was added. The statement "RECORDING FIRST PUBLISHED 196X" was replaced by a symbol "(P)".

"SOLD IN UK." statement

The "SOLD IN U.K. SUBJECT TO RESALE PRICE CONDITIONS, SEE PRICE LISTS" statement was introduced in February 1964 on all EMI singles, EPs and LPs.
So, there is No "gold Parlophone" label which was printed the central remark "Sold in U.K..." on the label.

cf. Yellow Parlophone Label with central remark.
Black/yellow Parlophone label : February 1964-Early 1965?
label

Music Publisher's Name

"Dick James Mus.Co." version
Mono Stereo
SIDE 1 --> Click! SIDE 2 --> Click! SIDE 1 --> Click! SIDE 2 --> Click!
label label label label
"Northern Songs Ltd." version
SIDE 1 --> Click! SIDE 2 --> Click! SIDE 1 --> Click! SIDE 2 --> Click!
label label label label

"Dick James Mus.Co." version
SIDE 1 SIDE 2
label label
"Northern Songs Ltd." version
SIDE 1 SIDE 2
label label

On 8th March, when George Martin typed up the running order sheet for "PLEASE PLEASE ME", he mistakenly credited 4 songs(*) as being published by the Dick James Co.
This is the list that went to the printers, from which the first incorrect batch of labels was made, for both the mono and stereo pressings.
  • I saw her standing there (*)
  • Misery (*)
  • Anna (go to him)
  • Chains
  • Boys
  • Ask me why
  • Please please me
  • Love me do
  • P.S. I love you
  • Baby it's you
  • Do you want to know a secret (*)
  • A taste of honey
  • There's a place (*)
  • Twist and shout

Northern Songs Ltd. is a company founded on 22th. February1963 by music publisher Dick James, Brian Epstein, and The Beatles to publish songs written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney



Copyright Information
The record companies printed copyright information on records that were intended for export and on a lot of domestic U.K. pressings. In case of EPs and Singles, this information was usually printed in a "box" somewhere on the label.

The most usual ones are:
  • B. I. E. M. (Bureau International des Societes Gerant les Droits d'Enregistrement et de Reproduction Mecanique) handles the copyrights for 52 different countries. --> homepage
  • G. E. M. A. (Gesellschaft für musikalische Aufführungs- und mechanische Vervielfältigungsrechte.) was started in 1915 and handles the copyright in Germany. --> homepage
  • N. C. B. (Nordisk Copyright Bureau) is responsible for the copyrights in the nordic countries. --> homepage

Embossed Initials: Tax code

Several of the record companies printed or pressed tax codes on the records during the 60's. The tax code was pressed in the run-off groove area and sometimes embossed in the center of the label or printed on the label.
The purchase tax was introduced during World War II and was a sort of "luxury tax". As the tax percentage fluctuated, the tax code changed.

Right: the center of "PLEASE PLEASE ME", with initials "MZT" very visible. The ones are KT, MT, PMT, PT, MKT or PKT and maybe a couple more; KT and MT seen most frequent.
label
According to "LABELOGRAPHY written by Jan Petterson", there were 17 different tax codes until VAT was introduced in 1973.
The record companies introduced the new tax codes at specific dates but sometimes continued to use an old code even when they had introduced the new one.
(Similar information was received from Mr. Andy.Thanks!)

Tax codes
NT 1954 OT 26th. July 1961
NI 1955 ZT 10th. April 1962
RT Summer 1955 PT 26th. November 1963
XT Summer 1957 MT 1st. January 1963
ET August 1959 KT 1st. July 1963 (used until at least 1972)
WT 1st. August 1960 JT 1968












Matrix Number...Back to the LP List
Matrix numbers are alphanumeric codes (and on occasion, other symbols) stamped or hand written (or a combination of the two) into the run-out groove area of a gramophone record. This is the non-grooved area between the end of the final song on a record's side and the label, also known as the run-off groove area, end-groove area, matrix area, or "dead wax".
Matrix numbers are intended for the internal use of the record manufacturing plant, but they are also studied and documented by record collectors, as they can sometimes provide useful information about the edition of the record.
The most important part of the extra information is usually the cut number, which is a suffix to the main number. For example, matrix number 12345 is seen on a label, but examination of the run-out groove area reveals number 12345–3, which indicates this is the third cut of this side. It is not unusual to find records with a different cut number on each side.

Prefix of Matrix Number
Mono (PMC) label using: XEX. ( you can see each label and inner groove both side 1 and 2)
Stereo (PCs, P-PCS) label using: YEX. ( You can see each label and inner groove both side 1 and 2)

Prefix of matrix number
Mono: PMC Series Stereo: PCS Series
label label
using: XEX using: YEX

ex.) Please Please Me (PCS 3042/stereo)
SIDE 1 SIDE 2
label label
Matrix No. is
Side-1: YEX 94-1 / Side-2: YEX 95-1



Lacquer, Mother and Stamper Number

The courtesy of Mr. Michael Fremer (Thanks!)
label At the "6 O'clock" position on the inner groove area is the matrix number with a -1 or -2 etc.
For instance, Beatles For Sale in stereo is YEX 142-1 (etc.).
The "1" means the FIRST LACQUER cut from the master. -2 the second etc.
At the "9 O'clock" is a number which tell you what "mother" was used to generate the stamper actually used the press the record. A number of "mothers" are generated from the lacquer. Obviously a "1" means first mother generated from the lacquer. A "5" means it was much later--the fifth mother generated from the lacquer.
At the "3 O'clock" position there will be one to three letters, which are codes associated with numbers as follows, which tell you what stamper was used to press the actual record:
G R A M O P H L T D (gramophone Ltd)

G=1
R=2
A=3
M=4
O=5
P=6
H=7
L=8
T=9
D=0

Therefore, if the letters say "GR" that is stamper 12. "O" is stamper 5 etc.
YEX 142-1, mother 1, stamper G
is the very first pressing of "Beatles For Sale" in stereo: first lacquer, first mother, first stamper.

YEX 142-1, mother 4, stamper RLT.
That would be first lacquer, 4th mother and 289th stamper generated from that mother.


Cf. How Vinyl Records Are Made


RCA Victor presents Sound and the Story (1956) / Copyright Radio Corporation of America


Vinyl Color...Back to the LP List

Black Only.
Mono Stereo
label label
 










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