title
title

uk Guide to Reference home
Parlophone Album Cover Style
(Update: 18th. August 2012)

COVER: FRONT COVER: BACK
front front



Printing Company...Back to the top of the line

EMI mainly used covers from two different companies: Ernest J. Day and Garrod & Lofthouse.
The covers from Garrod & Lofthouse were the most common ones. the early covers from Ernest J.Day were made in a thicker material. The "Gold Parlophone label" release of The Beatles' "Please Please Me" only came in covers from Ernest J.Day.
The bottom-right flap on the backs of these "wrap-around cover" LPs almost said who printed the cover.

Sometimes a patent number or a phrase "Patents Pending" is seen beside the credit.

Ernest J. Day & Co. Ltd.

Printed and Made by Ernest J. Day & Co. Ltd. London
cover-up

Printed and made by Ernest J. Day & Co. Ltd. London
sleeve

Printed and made by Ernest J. Day & Co. Ltd., London
sleeve

Garrod & Lofthouse Ltd.

Printed and made by Garrod & Lofthouse Ltd. Patents pending
sleeve

Printed and made by Garrod & Lofthouse Ltd. Pattents pending
* The "g" in "Patents pending" text is different typeface.
sleeve

Printed and made by Garrod & Lofthouse Ltd.
Patent number "No. 943,895" was printed.

* UK Patent No. 943895: Publication date:11th Dec.1963
sleeve


* Click on the album title, you can find more information.
Title Mix Ernest J. Day Garrod & Lofthouse
Please Please Me (Gold) MONO Yes -
STEREO Yes -
Please Please Me (Yellow) MONO Yes Yes
STEREO Yes Yes
With The Beatles MONO Yes Yes
STEREO - Yes
A Hard Day's Night MONO Yes Yes
STEREO - Yes
Beatles For Sale MONO - Yes
STEREO - Yes
Help! MONO - Yes
STEREO - Yes
Rubber Soul MONO Yes Yes
STEREO Yes Yes
Revolver MONO Yes Yes
STEREO Yes Yes
Oldies MONO - Yes
STEREO Yes Yes
Sgt. Peppers MONO - Yes
STEREO - Yes



Cover Style...Back to the top of the line

I. Single Cover

The basic form of the album covers
i) Wrap-around cover
ii) Semi wrap-around cover
iii) Half vinyl-coated cover
iv) Full vinyl-coated cover
cover cover cover cover
When you look at the back of the albums from the 1960's, you may notice the three flaps at the top, the bottom and the right. These flaps were glued with paste, wrapping around the cover. At some point, some albums had a cover with only two outer flaps, at the top and the bottom. Later, the two flaps were pasted on the inside of the cover, which made them invisible at a glance. In early days, the front side was coated with vinyl (laminated) but the back side wasn't, leaving a border of the coat as a line at the right side of the back cover. Nowadays, both sides of the cover are coated with thin vinyl film.

The Parlophone LPs, and in fact most EMI-company LPs of the 1960's, had good-quality, durable covers. Of the nine Beatles' albums on Parlophone, seven of them came in covers made precisely the same way:
The front cover was always laminated, and there were three "fold over" flaps (i.e., extensions of the front cover which were wrapped around the top, bottom and spine, also laminated) which were glued to the back cover. (called "wrap-around cover" or "Flipback cover")
The back cover was a separate, flat-finish piece of material.
This description applies to the following original LPs:
  • Please Please Me
  • With The Beatles
  • A Hard Day's Night
  • Help!
  • Rubber Soul
  • Revolver
  • Collection of Beatles Oldies

i) Wrap-around cover
 Straight-cut corner. Round-cut corner
sleeve cover-up sleeve cover-up

ii) Semi wrap-around (twin-flipback) cover iii) Half vinyl-coated cover
sleeve sleeve sleeve sleeve


II. Gatefold Cover
  • Beatles For Sale
  • Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band

"Beatles For Sale"
and "Sgt. Peppers" are the two exceptions to the way the other seven covers were made, partly because they are gatefold (fold-open) covers, though they are both constructed a bit differently from each other.

"Beatles For Sale" doesn't mentions the printers anywhere (whether Day or Garrod, whether the inside or outside of the cover). The LP cover is a gatefold, with both front and back covers laminated, but the entire covers is one whole piece of material, connected on the inside-right cover by the laminated fold over flaps.
To remove the disk from the cover, you have to open the gatefold and slide the disk out from the left. (Also, this is the only Beatles LP where the record number isn't on the outside of the cover.)
cover

"Sgt. Peppers", similarly, is laminated on both front and back, but is also laminated fully on the inside as well.
The cover was one piece of material, with fold over flaps connecting across the top inside cover. The gatefold has two openings, the left one holding a sheet of Sgt. Peppers cutouts, and the right one holding the LP itself, housed in a custom sleeve. cover



Beatles For Sale
FRONT BACK INSIDE INSIDE CLOSE UP
forsale forsaleback forsaleinside forsaleinside forsaleinside

Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band
FRONT BACK INSIDE INSIDE CLOSE UP
sgt sgtback sgtinside sgtinside sgtinside











Mixing: Mono and Stereo...Back to the top of the line

Manufacturer's Catalog Number

EMI started to release LPs in 1952 and the first LP in the PMC series was PMC 1001, probably released in 1955. LPs were released in both 10 inch and 12 inch format until 1960, but after that all LPs were in the 12 inch format.

In 1960 Parlophone also started to release stereo LPs. They were released in a separate record number series, the PCS 3000 series. the first series in this series was PCS 3001.
the mono and stereo released were issued in separate record number series until early 1966. In 1966, the record number series was restarted at 7001 with mono and stereo releases now having the same record numbers. Only the record number prefixes - still PMC for mono and PCS for stereo - were different, to denote the format.

From 1963 - today, regular Beatles' Parlophone and Apple LPs are issued with catalog numbers--"PMC-XXXX" or "PCS-XXXX", where XXXX is a 4-digit number, excepted the "Let It Be Box Type" was numbered "PXS 1".

Prefix Label Kind
PMC Parlophone, Apple Mono
PCS Parlophone, Apple Stereo
PXS Apple Stereo (Let It Be: Box Type)
CPCS
P-CPCS
Parlophone, Apple Stereo: for export Edition
P-PCS
(PPCS)
Parlophone, Odeon Stereo: for export Edition
PCSP Parlophone, Apple Compilation Album
PCTC Parlophone Magical Mystery Tour
PHO Parlophone Picture Record


Nine original Beatles' LPs were issued on the Parlophone label between 1963 and 1967 which were issued in both mono and stereo.
Four original Beatles' LPs were issued on the Apple label. Since in early 1969, new LPs began being pressed only in stereo, only the first two Beatles' LPs on Apple ("The Beatles" and "Yellow Submarine") were issued in both mono and stereo, even though "Yellow Submarine" itself was not mixed separately for mono as "The Beatles" and the previous LPs were; the mono "Yellow Submarine", unfortunately, was simply a combining of the two stereo channels.

Original Parlophone Label
RELEASE DATE TITLE MONO STEREO
March 1963 Please Please Me PMC 1202 PCS 3042
November 1963 With the Beatles PMC 1206 PCS 3045
August 1964 A Hard Day's Night PMC 1230 PCS 3058
December 1964 Beatles For Sale PMC 1240 PCS 3062
August 1965 Help! PMC 1255 PCS 3071
December 1965 Rubber Soul PMC 1267 PCS 3075
August 1966 Revolver PMC 7009 PCS 7009
December 1966 A Collection of Beatles Oldies PMC 7016 PCS 7016
June 1967 Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band PMC 7027 PCS 7027
Original Apple Label
RELEASE DATE TITLE MONO STEREO
November 1968 The Beatles PMC 7067-8 PCS 7067-8
January 1969 Yellow Submarine (PMC 7070) PCS 7070
September 1969 Abbey Road No PCS 7088
May 1970 Let It Be No PCS 7096




Mono and Stereo ... Cover Variation ...Back to the top of the line

I. Front Cover


From "Please Please Me" to "Collection of Beatles Oldies", usually, you can see the word "mono" or "stereo" on upper right of the front cover, excepted the album "Rubber Soul (*)".
MONO STEREO
FRONT CLOSE UP FRONT CLOSE UP
sleeve cover-up sleeve cover-up

* According to Mr. George Heon's E-mail,
He has a 60's copy of Rubber Soul with the word "Stereo" printed on the front in his collection, and he has since seen another at the 1999 New York Beatlefest. Alan Ould of Good Humour Records says that two types exist:
one with the word "stereo" in black letters and one with the word in silver/gray lettering.
His copy has the silver/gray letters and the lamination is over top the letters so it has to be genuine. One thought- both copies he has seen have inner sleeves showing EMI records, so they are probably later 60's pressings. (Thanks!)
RUBBER SOUL Stereo: FRONT CLOSE UP
(Sliver lettering type)
cover-up


The Mono/Stereo logo size
The mono/stereo logo is usually printed at the right upper portion of the front cover. There are some variations in the logo's size:

MONO
Large size
(Used until spring 1964?)
Middle size
(used from mid. 1964 until early 1967?)
Small size
(used from autumn 1965 until early 1967?)
Without logo
(used from 1969?)
Outline type
(used from autumn 1964?)
sleeve sleeve sleeve Sorry, I don't have it
(Help! / Mono)
sleeve
cover-up cover-up cover-up Sorry, I don't have it
(Help! / Mono)
cover-up

STEREO
Large size
(Used until spring 1964?)
Middle size
(used from mid. 1964 until early 1967?)
Small size
(used from autumn 1965 until early 1967?)
Without logo
(used from 1969?)
Outline type
(used from autumn 1964?)
sleeve sleeve sleeve sleeve sleeve
cover-up cover-up cover-up cover-up cover-up

* Click on the album title, you can find more information.
Title Mix Large size middle size small size without logo outline type
Please Please Me MONO Yes
(EJD/G&L)
Yes
(EJD)
Yes
(G&L)
- -
STEREO Yes
(EJD/G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
-
With The Beatles MONO Yes
(EJD/G&L)
- Yes ?? Yes? -
STEREO Yes
(EJD/G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
-
A Hard Day's Night MONO - Yes
(EJD/G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
- -
STEREO - Yes
(G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
Beatles For Sale MONO - - - - Yes
(G&L)
STEREO - - - - Yes
(G&L)
Help! MONO - - - Yes
(G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
STEREO - - Yes
(G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
Rubber Soul MONO - - - Yes
(EJD/G&L)
-
STEREO - - Yes (Black or Silver)
(G&L)
Yes
(EJD/G&L)
-
Revolver MONO - - Yes
(EJD/G&L)
- -
STEREO - - Yes
(EJD/G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
-
Oldies MONO - - Yes
(G&L)
- -
STEREO - - Yes
(EJD/G&L)
Yes
(G&L)
-
Sgt. Peppers MONO - - - Yes
(G&L)
-
STEREO - - - Yes
(G&L)
-



II. Back Cover


MONO STEREO
The stereo LPs from "Please Please Me" to "Collection of Beatles Oldies", you can see the words in box "IMPORTANT This record is intended for use only on special stereophonic reproducers. ..." on the back cover, excepted the album "Rubber Soul".
In case of the album "For Sale", there is the words on the inside-left of the cover.
sleeve sleeve

Please Please Me (PMC 1202) Please Please Me (PCS 3042)
cover-up cover-up
Beatles For Sale (PMC 1240) Beatles For Sale (PCS 3062)
cover-up cover-up
Revolver (PMC 7009) Revolver (PCS 7009)
cover-up cover-up


EMITEX ad

The back cover includes an ad for "Emitex" record cleaner.
This clorth has a special rayon plush pile surface which deep cleans between the grooves. Produced in U.K. for EMI Tape Ltd., A Member of the EMI Group.
The use of EMITEX provides an effective means of ensuring groove cleanliness so essential to good reproduction. Its regular use will lengthen the life of the record and reduce the static change. Available from Record Dealers.
From August until December in 1964, Changed the words "USE NEW EMITEX" instead of "USE EMITEX".
cf. U.K. single: company sleeve

USE EMITEX CLEANING MATERIAL USE NEW EMITEX RECORD CLEANER
Please Please Me (March 1963) A Hard Day's Night (August 1964) Beatles For Sale
(December 1964)
Help!
(August 1965)
cover-up cover-up cover-up cover-up

EMITEX Package
FRONT BACK
sleeve sleeve
Cloth
FRONT BACK
sleeve sleeve
* from "parlogram.com" (Thanks!)











back

reference data